Optical fiber carries the signals in optical form while coaxial cable carries the signal in the kind of electricity. ⏰ Let's see if we can help you! This essay on The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable was written and submitted by your fellow student. Additionally, there are various losses generated for example weight reduction, dielectric loss and radiated reduction. Optical fiber employs the principle of total internal reflection to direct light through the station. It increases tensile strength of the cable and reduces weight. IvyPanda. The materials used in the manufacture of fibre optic cables are costly and only made-to-measure. Their use has mainly increased with the advent of the internet. An insulating material that covers the central lying wire separates these conducting materials. This cable is cheaper than the fibre optic cable and, thus, it is highly affordable. Fibre optic cables have very high capacity, which means they can convey high data rates at any given time. There’s two kinds of optical fiber, multi-mode and single-mode. Pros of Fiber Optics over Coaxial Cables: Extremely high bandwidth: Optical fiber supports a very large bandwidth allowing a high bit rate of transmission over thousands of miles. Using the right cable will ensure optimum performance of the network. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. Coaxial cable is easily installed whereas installment of optical cable requires additional effort and attention. As stated before the optical fiber is a sort of guided media. Because of the cable’s technology that uses light, the cable is also able to transmit at high speeds. Fibre optic cables have limited signal loss for every unit distance covered. Multi-mode fiber has two variants, step-index and graded-index fiber. In Optical fiber cable, the reduction of energy takes place once the light is hauled from 1 area to another which is referred to as attenuation. However, fiber optic cables are expensive to acquire and vulnerable to stress interference. Fiber optic cables are mainly used in environments that are highly susceptible to noise and other interferences. 2018. For the most part, Xfinity has cable internet service, but it’s fastest plan, Gigabit Plus, uses fiber-optic internet. Tighter network security. When it comes to high-speed internet, cable internet is one of the most sought-after options in the United States. Since these cables carry light signals, they are not prone to any interference problems. With expertise on both fiber optics pros and cons, as well as coaxial pros and cons, Sparklight Business can help you make the best decision when it comes to fiber vs copper (coax). Another insulator covers the outer foil. Guided media is categorized in three ways twisted pair cable, coaxial cable and fiber-optic cable. Fiber speeds are very attractive, but fiber internet service is not widely available. Pros at a glance: Coaxial cables can be used for different purposes. The power reduction produced by a coaxial cable is appreciated from the expression attenuation, and it may be affected by the length and frequency of the cable, attenuation can increase as the length increases. In the first state, the entire cable is bent which limits the additional manifestation of the light or lack of cladding. The coaxial cable transmits the signals in the form of electrons, low voltage power. The cladding is coated with a buffer either tight or loose, to protect it from moisture. Description of Fiber Optic Cable and Coaxial Cable. Fiber optic internet is available in most urban markets, like cities, towns, and commercial areas. Here is a general speed overview of fiber, cable, and DSL internet service: Fiber optic internet speed: Fiber optic internet speeds are the fastest available. IvyPanda. Pros and Cons of Fiber Optics The general vulnerability of fibre optic cables to strain and temperatures affects the performance quality of this type of cables. In the optical fiber, the data is encoded in the shape of a light beam as a string of on and off flashes that signifies 1 and 0’s. Most mid-size offices and residential areas are able to acquire this cable for their internet needs. … Higher operations costs than regular telecom services. ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. The optical fiber is significantly more efficient than coax cable since it’s higher noise immunity. Fiber-optics work efficiently in small networks that are confined to a single location where bundled cables of fiber-optic lines can be installed and protected from bending. This can often be the best, and most cost-effective choice for many small businesses as it allows for data to be transferred at a rate of up to 1 Gigabit per second while operating at a frequency of 100 MHz and beyond. The optical fiber offers high bandwidth and data prices. Although fiber optic networks present many advantages, there are also some disadvantages to take into consideration. As the popularity of fiber optics grows, we are likely to see a decrease in cost over time. Fiber optic cables are also immune to external interference, which improves further on their reliability. Fibre optic and coaxial cables are used in performing the same roles, especially in transmitting data and signals. IvyPanda. Fiber optic cables can carry large capacity of data at very high rates. Whether it’s cable, DSL, fiber, or satellite, each type of service comes with its own pros and cons. Also, sometimes a line of sight is required to get a signal. The optical fiber is lightweight and has a small diameter. Coaxial cables are damaged easily. These cables mainly differ from one another in terms of latency, speed of data transfer and overall security. The effect of bending of the cable is negative in case of an optical According to, the coaxial cable is untouched by the bending. Finally, the entire cable is then encased by an outer covering made by a substance like Teflon, plastic or fibrous plastic etc.. Optical sensors. The Optical fiber is significantly more efficient compared to coaxial cable in terms of data transmission speed, interference and noise immunity, measurements, bandwidth, losses etc.. What’s your deadline? The structural composition of an optical fiber comprises a glass or ultra-pure fused silica surrounded by a cladding of dense plastic or glass. We will write a custom Essay on The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. "The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable." The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. Pros. Fiber optic cables can carry large capacity of data at very high rates. In 1970, the trio invented Fiber-Optic wire which could carry information that was 65,000 times more than an average copper wire. The cost of coaxial cable is less. Dispersion, bending, absorption and attenuation. However, fiber optics is a medium which does not have noise interferences and provides a controlled environment for transmission of signals. Fiber optic Internet speed is the fastest of all Internet types, but high-speed Cable TV technology advancements are allowing this medium to close the gap. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-fiber-optic-cable-vs-coaxial-cable/. It’s composed of glass, plastic and silica, where the signals are transmitted in the kind of light. This paper seeks to discuss the differences between fibre optic cables and coaxial cables, elaborating on the advantages and disadvantages of each type. They are also least affected by external interferences, such as noise or vibration. By comparison, the coax cable is composed of metal wire (aluminum ), metal and plastic mesh braid. This affects the output signals because of the inherent errors (Higuera, 1998). Light is guided through the fibre owing to the lower refractive index of the material as it also reflects the escaping light to the core (Higuera, 1998). December 23, 2018. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-fiber-optic-cable-vs-coaxial-cable/. Cons of Fiber Optics. The density of both substances is maintained in such a manner that the light beam traveling through the center is mirrored off the cladding instead of refracted into it. The attenuation is dependent upon the length of the cable. Because the signal never has to change out of its original digital form to a more compressed analog form, your shows will … However, coaxial cable is more economical, easily installed and available, and bending of the cable doesn’t affect the signalling from the cable. Bending — This reduction occurs because of the bending of the cable, it gives rise to two states. Bending fiber-optic cables can impede light transfer, and it can lead to permanent damage to the fiber-optics in the cable. Cable speed: Cable internet speeds are very fast and can rival fiber’s download speeds. IvyPanda. In 1977, the first-ever fiber-optic telephone was installed in Chicago, with a fiber cable that could carry around 672 separate voice chann… Coaxial cables, on the other hand, are less expensive and can easily be worked with during installation. Unlike traditional copper lines, a fiber optic cable utilizes light to transmit a significant amount of data. Fiber (Fiber-optic Line): Fiber-optic is the fastest option on the market since it transmits data using light, not electricity. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. Burlington, MA: IDC Technologies. IvyPanda. Guided media require a physical medium to transmit signals such as cables. Twisted Pair Cable Twisted pair cable is a type of cable in which two independently insulated […] The outer metallic conductor can also be enclosed in a plastic covering to shields the entire cable. Among the numerous uses of this type of cable include transmitting voice, data, as well as video signals. Xfinity is a good example of the different speed capabilities of cable and fiber. We break down speed, price and the pros and cons of every type of internet service -- from dial-up to fiber to 5G. The outer conductor in coaxial cable is used to improve attenuation and shield effectiveness. Composite cable has its pros and cons. Fiber optics cable is constructed from glass fiber and plastic. Fiber optics cable consists of glass and is fragile that makes it tough to install. This is primarily because unlike fiber optic internet, cable internet is fairly affordable. Metal foil, Plastic and metal wire (Normally copper). IvyPanda, 23 Dec. 2018, ivypanda.com/essays/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-fiber-optic-cable-vs-coaxial-cable/. In the second state, just the cladding is bent slightly, leading to the unnecessary manifestation of the light in different angles. Coaxial cables comprise of a core wire, as well as an interwoven foil material that covers the inner wire (Reynders, Mackay & Wright, 2005). Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by The repeater is installed at 2 km to 20 km depending on the sort of the fiber. 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