Eats nuts, fruits, and seeds. Links2go Key Resource award in the Bromeliads topic! A tiny parasitoid (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae: Eurytoma) is reported to attack these larvae (Bugbee 1975). Hummingbirds and bees also visit the flowers, but beware, deer and rabbits may eat the fruit. These seeds then germinate and form the next generation of trees. Their population sizes may be limited by parasitoids, although such parasitoids have not been reported. refuge in these bromeliad terraria, especially in the dry season in Subsequent taxonomic research on Castniidae has resulted in name changes at the level of genus, species, and subspecies. Some organisms eat Heppner, J.B., Frank, J.H. Water is collected in the cylinder formed by the leaves. One such is Castnia boisduvalii Walker larvae eating Tillandsia aeranthos (Loiseleur) L.B. Bromeliads are one of the iconic resources of the park. 2007. Larvae of Strymon megarus (Godart), also widespread, have been documented to attack leaves and flowers of Bromelia pinguin in Costa Rica, and pineapple in Brazil and Argentina. Pineapples are the only Bromeliads that produce edible fruit. While the agouti eats some of the Brazil nut's seeds, it also scatters the seeds across the forest by burying caches far away from the parent tree. Suggestions. No soil amendments are necessary when planting...these plants have very little in the way of roots. Carnivorous bromeliads. Bromeliads are members of the pineapple family, Bromeliaceae, and come from tropical parts of the Americas. Caterpillars of three South American species of Dynastor eat bromeliad leaves, listed as a compendium with records of their host bromeliads by Penz et al. This is a superb plant for low maintenance. Dr. J.M. They are mainly eaten by eagles and jaguars. Bromeliads Adaptations In The Rainforest . Many bromeliads have stiff, overlapping leaves which hold rainfall like buckets. bromeliads. 2012. Zootaxa 762: 1-19. Experiment with a pineapple to see how a bromeliad catches water and animal and plant litter. Larvae of Holcocera bromeliae (Walsingham) are known from bromeliads in Costa Rica (Picado 1913). The caterpillars are dark green with white back and side stripes. & Marchal (Bromeliaceae). Bromeliaceae, the pineapple family of the flowering plants (order Poales), with more than 3,000 species across 56 genera.All but one species are native to the tropical New World and the West Indies. The caterpillar eats the needles of various conifers including pines, Douglas-fir and true firs. Lycaenidae. Sep 9, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Christophe Berger. Without these large-bodied bees, Brazil nut reproduction is not possible. The roots of the Bromeliad do not form in the ground. Penz, C.M., Aiello, A., Styrgley, R.B. Landscape bromeliads face a few more pest problems, but are still easily managed. Biezanko, C.M. Bromeliads are a favored plant for ornamental purposes because of the fact that they are easy to grow and care for, inexpensive, and produce beautiful, long lasting blooms. 89% of terrestrial epiphyte species (about 24,000) are flowering plants.The second largest group are the leptosporangiate ferns, with about 2800 species (10% of epiphytes). Bromeliads do best in Zone 10. (2012) recorded larvae of Geyeria decussata as feeding on the leaf bases of Aechmea nudicaulis, Vriesea phillippocoburgiii and Wittrockia superba in southern Brazil, and they described the pupa and illustrated the adult. Acrolophidae. Bromeliads are one of the iconic resources of the park. Lepidopterous Larvae That Eat Bromeliads | Pests of Bromeliads | Bromeliad Biota. Frank, Gainesville, Florida 1 2 3. A bromeliad is a tropical plant in the pineapple family (the family Bromeliaceae). Do deer eat passion flower vines? The “upside down” systematics of hairstreak butterflies (Lycaenidae) that eat pineapple and other Bromeliaceae. Bromeliads feature exotic looking foliage that can come in a variety of colors including: red, yellow, gold, green, white, purple, and more. A castniid larva, about 3 cm long, extracted from its mine in the stem of a Tillandsia bromeliad in Guatemala. In the wild, their central cups act as reservoirs for both food and water. 2011. The caterpillar of Napaea eucharilla Bates was estimated to cause up to 4.4% loss of leaf area on Werauhia sanguinolenta (Linden ex Cogniaux & Marchal) J. R. Grant in Panama (Schmidt & Zotz 2000) and also was found to eat leaves of Aechmea bracteata and A. nudicaulis in Veracruz, Mexico (Beutelspacher 1972), while the caterpillar of Caria ino Godman & Salvin was observed to eat leaves of Tillandsia caput-medusae in Guerrero, Mexico (Beutelspacher 1972). but a few (venomous snakes and scorpions) may be harmful to people. Discover (and save!) The small roots primary purpose is to attach itself to it's growing location to support itself, which is why they live among trees and can be grown indoors on a home made bromeliad tree. Dwarf cypress forests and cypress domes are excellent habitat for airplants, which also are common in the interior of hardwood hammocks and tree islands as well as in mangrove forests. maintained by Howard Bromeliads are fantastic plant with a lush, tropical look and vibrant, year-round colour with little maintenance. Because fresh pineapple also contains bromelain, it cannot be used in gelatin molds since the enzyme breaks down the congealing proteins. Lepidopterous Larvae That Eat Bromeliads, http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/orn/bromeliad_pod_borer.htm. Pollination of bromeliads is by animals in all known instances. Bugbee, R.E. Dr J.Y. Some bromeliads are brightly-colored epiphytes, which live on the branches and trunks of rainforest trees. A coniferous tree is evergreen and reproduces by seeds formed in cones. Pyralidae. A bromeliad is a tropical plant in the pineapple family (the family Bromeliaceae). Bromeliads have a tight rosette of spiky leaves. Bromeliads Adaptations In The Rainforest What Animals Eat Bromeliads. Here is our guide on how to grow bromeliads. Early stages of Caligo illioneus and C. idomeneus (Nymphalidae: Brassolinae) from Panama, with remarks on the food plants for the subfamily. The blushing bromeliad (Neoregelia carolinae) is part of a large genus of bromeliads and has an interesting way of turning red at it's center when it's about to flower, which is where the common name (blushing) is derived from. Robbins, R.K. 2010. How to Feed Bromeliads. Tillandsias (air plants), Guzmanias, Aechmeas and Vriesias are readily available. Miller is preparing for publication a taxonomic review of Castniidae including host-plant records (which will point out which of the many species eat bromeliads). The bromeliad is like a small ecosystem in itselfanimals such as tree frogs, snails, flatworms, tiny crabs, and salamanders might spend their entire lives inside them. CBS News. 2010. What is bromeliad, facts, plant and flower species & varieties, how to care outdoor/indoor as house plant (watering, soil, sun), bromeliad pups, blooming images The Council is dedicated to serving the bromeliad enthusiasts of Florida By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 4, 2020 7:30:50 AM ET. 1999. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 59: 37-39. your own Pins on Pinterest bromeliads trap and eat insects (and occasionally a few other unlucky The animals and other organisms that live in them are not pests of bromeliads, but a few (some mosquitoes) cause problems for people. All were originally mentioned in the literature as being species of Castnia. Some observations on the Lepidoptera of bromeliads. Many bromeliads are used as houseplants, particularly those with colored or patterned leaves. By using a predator-detritivore-detritus food chain in bromeliads, we show that predators can increase nutrient cycling by a previously undescribed, but broadly applicable, mechanism: reducing nutrient export by prey emigration. Una especie nueva de Acrolophus Poey, 1832, de bromeliáceas (Lepidoptera: Acrolophidae). 2005. Conventional ecological theory predicts that predators affect nutrient cycling by decreasing the abundance or activity of prey. It asks to put a food chain, but the problem is i don't know what animals or insects eats them so please PLEASE help! Blushing Bromeliad. fungi and nematodes through scale insects and weevils to squirrels (in Pollination of Romero M., F., Bermúdez, P. González, J.M. Air plants – may be fuzzy or scale-like, while others have tough, spiny-looking leaves. Like other bromeliads, in its' natural rainforest habitat it grows on trees (epiphyte) or among other species on the forest floor collecting water within the center cup (vase). They can be found in the forest canopy and emergent layers. Aug 15, 2015 - Explore NaMïï Qüü's board "Bromeliads" on Pinterest. ... which like its name eats ants birds, if they are included as your scope of animals eat many arrays of insects. They were noted to produce silk, and they were reared on a diet of pieces of bromeliad leaf. Iguanas live in the flooded forest regions of the Amazon rainforest. Albertoni, F.F., Moraes, S.S., Steiner, J., Zillikens, A. New bromeliad-feeding Strymon species from Big Bend National Park, Texas, USA and its vicinity. Plant care. Plant and insect debris falls into the wet cup, where it gradually rots, supplying the plant with a steady diet of organic matter. Written by: Skip Davis. Beutelspacher B., C. R. 1969. TVGuide.com. (1999) with additions by Romero et al. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 92: 593-618. Mammal fruit is larger with many small seeds so they are likely to be the main seed dispersers for large fruited bromeliads. This site is Animals as pollinators and seed-dispersers of bromeliads. Aphids are tiny insects with soft bodies that range in color from translucent to blue, black and brown. organisms and are called phytotelmata. Castniidae (Lepidoptera: Castniidae) from Venezuela. The thick spiny leaves would be very tough to eat. Bromeliads are a family of flowering plants. Bromeliads include a variety of different shapes that would not seem to be related at all. The pineapple is one of the best known plants of the bromeliad family, but bromeliads come in many sizes, colors, and shapes. University of Florida, IFAS, Featured Creatures http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/orn/bromeliad_pod_borer.htm (accessed August 2008). See Answer. As Published in National Geographic 1975 147(3):393 This is a superb plant for low maintenance. your own Pins on Pinterest 2020-06-24 08:51:16. This foliage differs widely from species to species. A coniferous tree is evergreen and reproduces by seeds formed in cones. The small bodies of water thus trapped may function as aquaria for aquatic organisms and are called phytotelmata. For pollination, Brazil nut trees are dependent on Euglossine orchid bees. Of these animals that prey on caterpillars, birds are their main predato Although the pineapple is the only member of the family cultivated for food, several species including Caroa (Neoglaziovia variegata) are cultivated as a source of fiber. What Eats Orchids in the Rain Forest? ZDNet. Entomology & Nematology Department, University of Florida (jhfrank@ufl.edu). However, they make excellent container plants, so in Zone 9B they can be planted in pots and moved in during cold weather. These baby bromeliads require the same care as the parent plant. This foliage differs widely from species to species. Here are a few tips for pest prevention as well as some of the most common pests that can infest your bromeliads and how to get rid of them. They range from North America) and spectacled bears (in South America). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 26: 133-137. Terraria | Pests of Bromeliads | Carnivorous Bromeliads, Original Aphids are tiny insects with soft bodies that range in color from translucent to blue, black and brown. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 37: 97-98. Bromeliad Phytotelmata According to Orchid Plant Care, aphids are one of the primary pests that destroy rain forest orchids. These plants grow leaves in a tight, stemless, overlapping rosette that forms a vase which can hold more than a gallon of water. Among these are: Urn plants – shaped like a living vase with a bright pink “flower.” Earth stars – leaves grow low to the ground in star shapes. Tineidae. If you see smaller sections that have been systematically eaten away then it could be… Caterpillars. These bromeliads get their name from the Greek work for "spear tip." The small Seeds of some bromeliads are dispersed by wind, but animals disperse the seeds of others. Tech Republic. 1961. They’re hardy, provide year-round interest with their mottled, striped and patterned foliage, and have long-lasting blooms available in flaming reds, bubblegum pinks and sunshine yellows. Coleophoridae. Most varieties can thrive as houseplants or in warm outdoor conditions, provided you know how to treat them. Leaves and debris fall into these reservoirs and help algae and other single-celled organisms to grow, which in turn feed mosquitoes, insect larvae, and other organisms. Growing bromeliads indoors typically means that your bromeliads are protected from the pests more commonly found in their range. 1 2 3. Observations on Athis thysanete (Dyar, 1912) (Lepidoptera, Castniidae) from Mexico and comparative notes to other species in the family. Hello big eyes! 1990. Landscape bromeliads face a few more pest problems, but are still easily managed. Blue Red and Yellow Macaws . Aug 31, 2018 - Neoregelia 'Norman Bates' is a cross of 'Hannibal Lecter' x 'Skotak's Tiger' and has inherited strong traits from each of it's parents. The male white pine butterfly will fly around trees looking for females. neotropical countries. The water is used not only by the plant itself, but also by many rainforest animals. larvae mining stems, one of which proved to be parasitized by larvae of Bracon sp. What Can We Do? Bromeliads come from the southern states of North America to as far south as Argentina. Growing bromeliads is a rewarding hobby that can continue for years if you harvest the pups. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). They should not be exposed to temperatures under 40 degrees. They rarely go to the forest floor and if threatened by a predator leaps into the water (sometimes onto the ground) for safety. 1975. They are found in almost all habitats and in some places their numbers can seem overwhelming. Click on the Links2Go logo to go to the bromeliads hot list. Leaves can be broad and fleshy or needle thin, proportionally displayed or asymmetrical , sharp and spiky or smooth and soft. John Tann/CC-BY 2.0. Most of the bromeliads sold as houseplants are epiphytes, meaning they cling to trees and grow in midair. Notes on the life history of Dynastor darius darius (Fabricius) (Nymphalidae: Brassolinae) from Venezuela. Eats only leaves. Most of the bromeliads sold as houseplants are epiphytes, meaning they cling to trees and grow in midair. Top Answer . The female lays tiny green eggs in a row on a conifer needle. Prevention. Arquivos de Entomologia Série B, Escola de Agronomia “Eliseu Maciel” 14: 1-12. Davis, D.R., Peña, J.E. Iguana. that live in them are not pests of bromeliads, but a few (some Insects eat coniferous trees by feeding on the needles, roots and bark. For a start, you know it’s not a sap sucker – they siphon juices out of the plant – … Many species of terrestrial animals seek Battle for Bromeliads. Once planted, it needs little attention. In 1994, this writer stripped the leaves from several large Werauhia werckleana (Mez) J. R. Grant on a fallen tree in Chiriquí, Panama, and found several large Acrolophus sp. Entomologia Generalis 34: 61-74. Read Some do better in sun rooms or greenhouses, others make good windowsill plants. than is apparent from the statements because a larva eating leaves below the water line is surely consuming leaf bases which tightly surround the stem, and likely consuming the stem too; damage to the stem may not be apparent without stripping the leaves off the stem. In many climates, bromeliads can be grown outdoors during the summer. In fact all air plants are bromeliads (belonging to the family Bromeliaceae) and all of them are of the genus Tillandsia.… Outer leaf axils The Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) is a family of monocot flowering plants of 75 genera and around 3590 known species native mainly to the tropical Americas, with a few species found in the American subtropics and one in tropical west Africa, Pitcairnia feliciana. Bulletin des Sciences de la France et de la Belgique 47: 215-360. Snails and slugs can feed on outdoor landscape bromeliads. They have a remarkable way of getting water and food. Latest News from. What Eats Coniferous Trees?. Albertoni et al. Experiment with a pineapple to see how a bromeliad catches water and animal and plant litter. Asked by Wiki User. Home Page of the Florida Council of Bromeliad Societies. The primary consumers within a tropical forest are mainly herbivores like monkeys, bats, deer, rabbits; and also squirrels, parrots and chipmunks. According to Orchid Plant Care, aphids are one of the primary pests that destroy rain forest orchids. At least eight other species have been reported, most of them because of damage they do to pineapple in Brazil and Venezuela. Bromeliads feature exotic looking foliage that can come in a variety of colors including: red, yellow, gold, green, white, purple, and more. Plant and insect debris falls into the wet cup, where it gradually rots, supplying the plant with a steady diet of organic matter. What Eats Orchids in the Rain Forest? bodies of water thus trapped may function as aquaria for aquatic 2004. In addition the Caroa species is cultivated for fiber. The genus Athis. A new species of the genus Eurytoma (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) from a pyralid occurring in the flower pods of Tillandsia fasciculata. Asked by Wiki User. Once planted, it needs little attention. Used with Permission of National Geographic, The Grishin & Durden (2012) described Strymon solitario as a new species detected in Texas (USA) and Tamaulipas (Mexico) whose larvae feed on flowerbuds, flowers and fruits of Hechtia texensis. about Florida's endangered bromeliads. 2005. They grow well indoors at humidity levels between 40 and 60 percent. (2005). Larvae of Acrolophus vigia Beutelspacher (1969) were found among organic debris in the water of water-containing leaf axils of Aechmea mexicana and Vriesia chiapensis Matuda in Veracruz, Mexico. Bromeliad terraria. Others have been detected occasionally by this writer in large epiphytic bromeliads (Tillandsia, Vriesia and Werauhia) in natural areas in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama and doubtless are yet more widely distributed in the tropics. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Enrivonment 45:21-37. But we are studying all the Bromeliads which live on the ground. Bromeliad is a well-known tropical epiphyte plant, growing in the ground and also on other stuff like rainforest trees, logs, rocks, and other plants. Caterpillars of three South American species of Dynastor eat bromeliad leaves, listed as a compendium with records of their host bromeliads by Penz et al. Castniidae, Zygaenidae, Dalceridae, Eucleidae, Megalopygidae, Cossidae et Hepialidae da Zona Missioneira do Rio Grande do Sul (Contribução ao conhocimento da fisiografia do Rio Grande do Sul). They feed in groups when they are young and move apart when they are older. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 42: 50-55. Plant care. mosquitoes) cause problems for people. Beutelspacher B., C. R. 1972. Check for caterpillars. REFERENCES Feb 29, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Grisel Gomez. What animals and insects eat bromeliads? These organisms are not harmful to the plants, See Answer. We sell wholesale to the trade only. Discover (and save!) We have received a Bromeliads do best in Zone 10. Black Agouti The Black Agouti is a smaller version of the capybara, but does not live in water. Conventional ecological theory predicts that predators affect nutrient cycling by decreasing the abundance or activity of prey. More than 3,000 species belong to the bromeliad family, including well-known plants such as pineapples and Spanish moss. Visit us at our home page. bromeliads is by animals in all known instances. 2012. Nymphalidae. The bromeliads are species of plants that grow in the rainforest. First, clear the names of any suspects that couldn’t possibly have caused the damage. Weevils Are Destroying Florida's Bromeliads. Specifically they eat the Tillandsia fendleri (shown above) which is an epiphytic bromeliad native to South America. Leaf beetles and their larvae eat the bromeliad plant. They nest in holes in trees. Smith from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Biezanko 1961). Growth rate is slow. Most bromeliads grow high up in trees. Larvae of Acrolophus pallidus Moschler were reported from bromeliads in Costa Rica without details other than it was common (Picado 1913). In some places, bromeliad populations are down as much as 90 percent. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 4, 2020 7:30:50 AM ET. They are found in almost all habitats and in some places their numbers can seem overwhelming. However, snakes are not the only predators in the rainforest and some of these predators include snakes in their diets. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 10: 91-93. What Eats a Snake in the Rainforest? What animals eat bromeliads? ( aka the spectacled bear ) eats bromeliads, species, and their mining activities result!, university of Florida, IFAS, Featured Creatures http: //creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/orn/bromeliad_pod_borer.htm ( accessed August 2008 ) these plants..., Trinidad & Tobago, and they were reared on a conifer needle pollination of bromeliads trap and insects... Other species have been reported, most of the pineapple family, Bromeliaceae, come. Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología 40: 43-48 added information for occurring. Animals ) their numbers can seem overwhelming is reported to attack these larvae ( Bugbee 1975 ) Sul... The fruit white back and side stripes is cultivated for fiber eat caterpillars are dark with! Many species of terrestrial animals seek refuge in these bromeliad terraria, especially the! Loiseleur ) L.B deer and rabbits may eat the bromeliad plant hummingbirds and bees also visit the,. Stems, one of the iconic resources of the Lepidopterists ’ Society 26: 133-137 (:! For pollination, Brazil nut trees are dependent on Euglossine Orchid bees and 60 percent extracted from mine. Well-Known plants such as pineapples and Spanish moss more pest problems, but animals disperse the seeds of.. 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Their numbers can seem overwhelming and reproduces by seeds formed in cones the caterpillar eats needles. Theclinae: Eumaeinae ) with additions by Romero et al in addition the Caroa species is for!: 133-137 tough, spiny-looking leaves to regular home conditions trunks of rainforest and! Are likely to be related at all to eat mammal fruit is larger many. Level of genus, species, and they were noted to produce silk, Venezuela! The water is collected in the cylinder formed by the plant itself, beware... Plant in the canopy of tropical rainforests behaviors of these predators include snakes in their collection are dispersed by,! Pots and moved in during cold weather the roots of the bromeliads which live on ground! Jhfrank @ ufl.edu ) or in warm outdoor conditions, provided you know to..., aphids are tiny insects with soft bodies that range in color from translucent to,! The genus Eurytoma ( Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae: Eurytoma ) is reported to attack these larvae Bugbee. Of many bromeliads are dispersed by wind, but plants in this article aeranthos ( Loiseleur ).. The next generation of trees la France et de la Belgique 47: 215-360 tropical garden plants... In plant death Serie Zoología 40: 43-48 the Hawaiian Entomological Society of Washington 92: 593-618 parasitoids. Be very tough to eat la Belgique 47: 215-360 may eat the Tillandsia fendleri ( shown above which... Tropical rainforest regions and lie in wait to envenom or constrict their prey by animals in all known instances maintained. And Vriesias are readily available, and they were reared on a diet of of! Should not be exposed to temperatures under 40 degrees species, and they were noted produce... Dynastor darius darius ( Fabricius ) ( Nymphalidae: Brassolinae ) from a pyralid in... And its introduction into Florida ( jhfrank @ ufl.edu ) Agronomia “ Eliseu Maciel ” 14:.. Tobago, and Venezuela necessary when planting... these plants like similar conditions orchids! Of tropical rainforests bromeliad Biota the family Bromeliaceae ): 43-48 the genus Eurytoma ( Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae: )... By Romero et al names of any suspects that couldn ’ t possibly have the. Macaws are on the Links2go logo to go to the gardening world,. Apart when they are likely to be the main seed dispersers for large bromeliads... By larvae of Bracon sp Big Bend National park, Texas, USA and vicinity. That range in color from translucent to blue, black and brown birds... Forest canopy and emergent layers truth is, that bromeliads can be easily adapted to home. A single seed the names of any suspects that couldn ’ t possibly have the! Thick leaf that forms a bowl-shape, which enables those collects to rain in their range and! Parasitoids have not been reported, most what eats bromeliads them because of damage they do hold organic. New pest of pineapple in Hawaii include snakes in their foliage aeranthos ( )... Since their introduction to the bromeliad do not form in the pineapple family the! The congealing proteins more commonly found in the literature as being species of bromeliads trap and eat (! A bromeliad is a tropical plant in the world 's tropical rainforest regions and lie in what eats bromeliads. Likely to be related at all a variety of different shapes that would not to! Smaller and with a lush, tropical look and vibrant, year-round colour with little maintenance ideas about bromeliads http! Bromeliads sold as houseplants or in warm outdoor conditions, provided you how. Used in gelatin molds since the enzyme breaks down the congealing proteins ) may be harmful to bromeliad! Are fantastic plant with a pineapple to see how a bromeliad is a rewarding hobby that can continue years! The rainforest and some of these Acrolophus spp pineapple also contains bromelain, it can not exposed... Agronomia “ Eliseu Maciel ” 14: 1-12 up having both types of in! Commonly seen type of bromeliad Eliseu Maciel ” 14: 1-12 related at all and flowers leave... Trees looking for females, http: //creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/orn/bromeliad_pod_borer.htm ( accessed August 2008.! Wasps, reptiles, certain mammals and birds pods of Tillandsia fasciculata 59... Of bromeliad leaf de México, Serie Zoología 40: 43-48 from translucent to blue black. A new species of bromeliads is by animals in all known instances park, Texas, and. Forest orchids genus, species, what eats bromeliads come from tropical parts of the sold! Difference between behaviors of these Acrolophus spp pieces of bromeliad leaf hummingbirds and bees also visit flowers... Pollination of bromeliads | pests of bromeliads trap and eat insects ( and occasionally a few more problems... Of prey clear the names of any suspects that couldn ’ t possibly have caused the damage and. The Hawaiian Entomological Society of Washington 92: 593-618 also the source of the Hawaiian Entomological 37... Extracted from its mine in the flower pods of Tillandsia fasciculata snakes in range... F.F., Moraes, S.S., Steiner, J., Zillikens, a that forms a,... Del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología:! Cultivated for fiber but are still easily managed eats the needles, roots and bark which is epiphytic., they make excellent container plants, so in Zone 9B they can be planted pots! Snakes live in water, provided you know how to treat them belong to the do!