Several small grain cereals are all known by the name “Millet” but are actually different crop species. Considering how likely it would be that early humans would be able to access dry, rain fed lands as compared to wetlands, it becomes apparent that millets would be the go to grains to meet dietary needs. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. About finger millet • Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] is a cereal grass grown mostly for its grain, which is a staple food in many African and South Asian countries (for information concerning the feed uses of the grain, see the Finger millet, grain datasheet). belongs to family Poaceae. These samples were from two … • Cultivated in 23 countries on 3.38 million ha producing 3.76 m t mainly in Africa and Asia. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Distribution: Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. It is an organization supporting players in the millet value chain seeking technical resources and promotional materials. Finger millet is a robust, tufted, tillering annual grass and the inflorescence is a panicle with 4-19 finger-like spikes that resembles a fist when mature, hence it is named as finger millet. corocana) were obtained from the millet quality trials in Cinzana , Mali, in 1983. A brief history of millets Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. … Finger millet grains — Specification. Table 5. Many of the minor millets are endangered, as they are getting depleted, and some of them have even totally been eliminated.” Each millet has an importance of its own. Usually harvested by hand. The seeds can be stored for a long time. Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 meters above sea level. is a small cereal grain grown in the semi-arid sub- tropical and tropical regions of Africa and Asia where it is one of the cereal staples (ICRISAT/FAO 1996, Obilana and Manyasa 2002). Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. Scientific   Eleusine coracanaEnglish   African millet   Finger millet   Koracan   RagiDutch   VingergierstFrench   Coracan   Éleusine   Eleusine cultivee   KoracanGerman   Fingerhirse, Genus   EleusineFamily   PoaceaeOrder   Poales. The crop is cultivated in diverse eco‐geographical areas. Cultivated finger millet was domesticated about 5 000 years ago from the wild subspecies in the highlands that range from Ethiopia to Uganda. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone suffering from a skin disease, with blisters resembling grains of millet. Immature millet grains - why remove when processing? is an important subsistence cereal in parts of Africa and south Asia. The oldest evidence for finger millet dates to 3000 BC from what is now central Sudan where this grain was domesticated. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important c In some regions finger millet is used for human consumption as a staple food. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. Finger millet roots in the Bantu-speaking area 4 Map 2. It is grown for hay in North America and western Europe, and it is an important food crop in China and other Asian countries. 1 Scope. However, it was grown since ancient times as a traditional food for the Keiyo, Marakwet, West Pokot, Tugen, Giriama, Taveta, Teso, Luo, Luhya, Kisii, Kikuyu, Ilchamus, Embu, Taita, Kuria, and Kamba. Cultivated finger millet is highly variable within its primary centre of origin in Africa and secondary centre in Indian sub-continent. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. coracana), an important cereal in East Africa and India, is a tetraploid species with unknown genomic components. Ethiopian terms for finger-millet 5 Table 6. Finger millet usually is between 40 and 100 cm high. Until the large scale investments in paddy and wheat promotion through the green revolution, millets were the staple grains of large sections of the population that did not have access to assured irrigation for their lands. Over this range of distribution, eleusine displays high variability in vegetative, floral and seed morphology. Finger millet is an important food crop grown in rain-fed uplands in the Dry zone and Intermediate zone of Sri Lanka. A skin disease, with 97 % of millet production in origin of finger millet originated! ( E supporting players in the world Fingerhirse, genus Eleusine consists of eleven.. 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